A fibroid is a benign tumor located in the uterus. This pathology affects 20-50% of women over the age of 35. However, it is still possible to contract it as soon as a young girl has settled.
This tumor is unlikely to develop into cancer, and may not occur at all. However, if it causes symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding that can lead to anaemia, pelvic pain with a feeling of compression in the pelvis, pain during intercourse or abdominal swelling, it can become painful and embarrassing for the woman.
The cause of this pathology has not yet been clearly identified, but it is suspected that hormones and the woman's environment are the primary causes.
Abdominopelvic ultrasound with Doppler may or may not confirm the presence of a fibroid.
Following this, uterine fibroid embolization will be performed to treat the symptoms associated with uterine fibroids.
Uterine fibroid embolization is used to treat the symptoms associated with uterine fibroids. The fibroids shrink and symptoms disappear within 3 months.
This minimally invasive procedure avoids the need for hysterectomies or multiple myomectomies, which can weaken the uterus. This procedure is performed without any incisions or scars.
Microbeads are injected into the uterine arteries supplying the fibroids, blocking them and causing fibroid necrosis.
The procedure is performed under local anesthetic and anesthetic sedation, without intubation.
Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus. This operation is performed when the quantity of fibroids becomes too great, making the uterus too thick.
There are two types of hysterectomy: subtotal and total. If the cervix is not removed, it's called a subtotal hysterectomy, but if it is removed, it's called a total hysterectomy.
The procedure is performed laparoscopically, which means that a mini-camera is inserted into the body under general anesthesia, enabling the operation to be performed without surgery. The uterus can be seen on a screen by the specialist.
If you have heavy, irregular menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain or cancer of the uterus or ovaries, a laparoscopic hysterectomy is highly recommended.
Myomectomy is performed to remove one or more uterine fibroids without removing the uterus. The procedure is performed laparoscopically, which means that a mini-camera is inserted into the body under general anesthesia, enabling the operation to be performed without surgery. The uterus can be seen on a screen by the specialist. On average, it lasts from 1 hour to 1h30 minutes.
Once a fibroid has been detected in your body, it's essential to have a myomectomy to put an end to all symptoms. As this procedure does not remove the uterus, you will continue to have your periods and can plan a pregnancy.
If this operation is performed incorrectly, it may have to be repeated several times, eventually weakening the uterus.